Lunation 5 Year 12~IX

21 April 2012

Another cycle of Jupiter begins – hang on to something.


Lunation 4 Year 12~IX

22 March 2012

Between the Equinox and the next Abysmal Quarter.


Happy Day and an Invitation

23 September 2010

Equinox, Full Moon, New 260-Day Cycle – time to put theAbysmal Calendar into practice

today is a particularly auspicious day, particularly on theAbysmal Calendar. It is the Autumnal Equinox (vernal in the Southern Hemisphere), the Full Moon and also the beginning of the 260-Day cycle of the Calendar.

The 260-Day Cycle is borrowed from the Mesoamerican calendars, but is used in a different manner and not to be confused with the Mayan and Aztec use of it. It does reinforce the cycles of the calendar, but most importantly, it is a weaving of two progressions: a cycle of 1-13 days and another of I-XX days (that’s 1-20 in roman numerals). The second cycle is meant to stand in for a progressive series of 20 glyphs, which are best left determined according to the cultural preference of the calendar users.

Regardless, today, the designation is 1-I, tomorrow 2-II and so on, through the possible combinations 13-XIII, 1-XIV and all the way to 13-XX. This calendar can be followed in cycles of 5, 13 and 20 days (and other factors and multiples as well). Following this calendar is an effective means of developing a project. 260 days is approximately the period for human gestation (by the moon it’s about 266 days).

In the womb, it takes about 13 days for the cells to duplicate themselves after fertilization. However, this is followed on day 14 by the miraculous process of gastrulation, whereby the cells differentiate into 3 different membranes, which will eventually develop into all of our tissues. Following this timing, which was the first any of us has ever known, may just be an effective means of scheduling the days.

Although that remains to be seen.

The author and developer of the calendar endeavours to follow theAbysmal Calendar starting with Dec 21st 2010, in order to better surmise its practical applications. Today marks the first steps towards incorporating it into the day-to-day. A chronicle shall result.

All who wish to participate are more than welcome.


theAbysmal Calendar vs the Law of Time 13 Moons

11 December 2008

The comparison between the two most~developed 13~Month Calendars.

first instalment of the Calendar Challenger: theAbysmal vs the Gregorian

theAbysmal vs the Law of Time 13~Moon Calendar

Jose Arguelles,  Law of Time Foundation and 13~Moon calendar reform movement figurehead, has worked extensively on creating a world calendar to replace the Gregorian, and his work is what started theAbysmal down this path to begin with.
jose-arguelles

Structurally they are quite similar. Both arrange the Year into 13~Months of 28 Days, with one Intercalary Day. The system also uses the 260~Day calendar cycle of the Maya, and they have adapted the traditional 20 glyphs as well.

There are other differences, of course, and herein lies the comparison.

The Week

The Weekdays have been replaced with
Dali, Seli, Gamma, Hali, Alpha, Limi, Silio
which are equated with
Fri, Sat, SUn, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu

The 7~Day Market Weeks is the strongest temporal structure that we have, after the Day. It doesn’t apply to everyone, of course, but as part of the current global Calendar, it would be very disruptive to change the names or the order of the Weekdays.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Extra Day

The Intercalary Day Out Of Time falls on Jul 25th, coincident with the heliacal rising of Sirius apparently.

vs

The Intercalary New Year’s Day falls on Dec 21st, the Northern Winter Solstice.

~

The 13 Moon calendar chose the heliacal rising of Sirius as their Intercalary Day, as that was the time when the Nile flooded, signaling the beginning to the Egyptian Year, and the Egyptian Calendar.

vs

theAbysmal chose the Solstice as a means of aligning the Calendar with the Cardinal Points.

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The Moon

In the 13 Moon Calendar, the 28~Day Months are consider to be aligned with the Moon’s Apsidal Cycle, which is based on when the Moon’s axis is tilted farthest from the Earth. The case is made that the 13 Months of 28 Days represent these cycles of the Moon, however, there is no explicit lunar cycle in this calendar system.

vs

theAbysmal explicitly follows the synodic period of the Moon, as well as 13 Months of 4 Weeks. There is the Chronological count of Lunations, which makes translation from Lunar and Solilunar Calendars simpler, as well as 12 or 13 Lunations attributed to each Year.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

theabysmal-vs-13-moons

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
The 20 Glyphs and the Intercalary Day

In order to compare the overlay of the 260~Day Component in both Calendars, we’ll compare the Intercalary Day, and then the same Day of the Year.

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the Day Out of Time (Jul 26) cycles through the equivalent of glyphs III, VIII, XIII, XVIII

vs

theAbysmal New Year’s Day (dec 21st) cycles through V, X, XV, XX

~

Now comparing dec 21st:

13 Moon: IV, IX, XIV, XIX

vs

theAbysmal: V, X, XV, XX

~

the difference in the alignment is due to the traditional assignation of glyphs IV, IX, XIV and XIX to the Year. The 13 Moon Calendar takes its glyph from the Day after the Day Out of Time, equivalent to the first Day of the New Year.

vs

theAbysmal Year takes its glyph from the last Day of the old Year. The idea is that the glyph assigned to a single Day is like a seed that grows into the following Year. The last Day of the Year summarizes the previous year, and passes it forward to the next, to do with what it will.

~

I, II, III, IV, V
VI, VII, VIII, IX, X
XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV
XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX

vs

13moon20glyphs~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Numbering

Although the 13 Moon Calendar has the 260~Day component from the Maya, they still count the Days of the Month and Months of the Year beginning with 1.

vs

theAbysmal begins counting with 0, as did the Maya, as do we with our digital clocks.

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Conclusion

Given that a Calendar is really an aesthetic choice in how one choose’s to arrange and consider the Days in relation to the Year (in most cases), the differences here seem aesthetic, and up to any given calendar~user to decide for themselves.

theAbysmal was familiar with the 13 Moon Calendar when this project/weblog began, and the changes were made intentionally to create a global calendar in line with the seasons, that includes the Moon, that can be translated between cultures more easily, and that disrupts as little as possible with its inception.

mycelia-black


Human Gestation, Time and the stages of becoming

26 November 2008

Gestation: counting by the calendar, daylight, moonlight

gestation-first-52-days

Chronobiology, the study of periodicity in living things, points towards human association with sunlight, and what is healthiest for the greatest majority of us. Sunlight is best at around dusk and dawn, and can be too harsh during the middle of the day (depends on where you live). Likewise, our bodies calibrate themselves to the seasons near the vernal equinox, in the twilight. Often there are festivals scheduled at this time, so that entire communities spend these hours outside together, synchonizing themselves not only with the seasons, but with one another. The Full Moon also sees its share of celebrants, and in days before electric lighting, it provided enough light for us to gather outside together.

In any case, our bodies are tied to the rhythm of the day, the moon (lunar month) and the seasons, regardless of where we live. These three characteristics define our understanding of time: the rotation of the Earth around its axis, the orbit of the Moon around the Earth: the orbit of the Earth~Moon around the Sun.

During our earliest moments of existence, just after the egg and sperm come together, we are under the influence of two different times: the time according to our mother’s body, which is tied to the day, moon and season, and; the time according to the development of ourselves from a single cell to an entire person in under 270 days.

The presumption is that midday, when the Sun is highest in the sky, and the Full Moon, and the Summer Solstice are all equivalent, in that they are the time at which we receive the most sunlight, and therefore the most energy from the Sun. In looking at the development in utero against the phases of the Moon, keep in mind that the waxing Moon is growing and getting brighter, therefore day~to~day, we receive more energy from it. Same as we approach the Summer Solstice and the Days grow longer.

Ideally, women menstruate at the New Moon, and ovulate at the Full Moon. Therefore, conception occurs at the Full Moon in all of the examples below. People are most fertile in the spring. The model pregnancy in this case takes place from the Full Moon at the Vernal Equinox (as occurred in 2008) to the birth just prior to the Winter Solstice.

3dayembryo

the Moon and Fertility:

from New Moon, when its gravitational pull is in the same direction as the Sun’s. It appears dark to us.

gestation-by-lunation

as First Quarter, the Moon’s gravity has now drawn away from the Sun’s so that it has become noticeably distinct. We see half of its surface illuminated by the Sun.

at the Full Moon, the draw of the Moon’s gravity is opposite that of the Sun’s. It’s entire face is illuminated.

at the Last Quarter, the Moon’s gravity returns towards that of the Sun, lessing. Half of its face is illuminated.

The Seasons and Fertility

gestation-by-season

The Seasons and Lunations

Here we have Year 8~XIV (dec 21st 2007 to dec 20th 2008) with the 12 lunations and when they occur relative to the months of the year. Following, we have the lunar cycle according to gestation beginning with the Full Moon at the Vernal Equinox.

year-8xiv-months-and-moonsYear 8~XIV, Months & Moons

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

gestation-by-months-and-moonsGestation from Vernal Equinox to Winter Solstice by the Moon

Gestation, Time and Becoming

The duration from conception to birth varies from person to person, however, it tends to falls within range of 9 months. 9 Lunar Months comes to 266 Days. The Maya tzolkin Calendar counts 260 Days, which also stands for the duration of gestation. The Lunar 266 Days lasts from Full Moon to Full Moon, the tzolkin follows its own metre based on 13 numbers and 20 glyphs.

Here is a breakdown of some of the occurrences in the first 60 days of gestation, which is about 2 lunar months, from full moon to fulll moon. 13 x 5 = 65 days, which is close to this on the 13~XX Calendar

Day

Development

0

Conception
1 1 cell (zygote) fetilisation – polar bodies form
2 2 cells (blastomeres) (30 hours), 4 cells (40 hours).
3 16-32 cells (morula) – morula passes out of fallopian
tubes
4 64 cells (blastocyst) – inner cavity (blastocele)cell mass inside blastocele (embryoblast)
5-6 the blastocyst implants itself in the blood-rich uteran wallcirculation between mother & blastocyst begins
7-12 trophoblast cells begin to form placenta with uterine wallembryoblast differentiates into upper, dark blue (epiblast –
becomes embryo) & lower, yellow layers of cells (hypoblast –
becomes yolk sac)
13 embryo anchored to the uterus via placentaembryo anchored to placenta by precursor to umbilical cord

yolk sac produces blood cells (without nuclei)

14 (gastrula) 2-layer embryonic disc forms the primitive streakthe outer layer of cells folds into the primitive streak
15 Mesoderm – middle layer – muscles, bones,
lymphatic tissue, spleen, blood cells, heart, lungs, reproductive
& excratory systems
16 Ectoderm – top layer – skin, hair, lenses of eyes,
lining of internal & external ear, nose, sinuses, mouth,
anus, tooth enamel, pituitary and mammary glands & all parts
of the nervous systemneural crest cells differentiate into neurons, glial cells,
epidermis pigment cells, various skeletal & connective
tissues of the head

Endoderm – inner layer – lining of lungs, tongue,
tonsils, urethra & associated glands, bladder & digestive
tract

17-19 ectoderm thickens to form neural plateconcave groove forms in neural plate (neural groove –

precursor to nervous system – one of the first organs to
develop)

blood cells develop & forming channels along epithelial
cells

19-21 mesoderm forms somites on either side of the neural groovefirst 3-pair somites appear at tail, forming towards head

head fold rises on either side of primitive streak

secondary blood vessels in placenta & chorion (2-layer
membrane)

muscle cells begin to fuse forming into 2 heart tubes

21-23 4-12-pair somiteseye & ear cells appear beside neural fold

2 heart tubes fuse together into an S-shape, and cardiac
muscle contraction begins

23-25 13-20 pairs somitesprimitive heart beating, major vessels along neural system

peristalsis begins

with 20 somites, the forebrain is completely closed

25-27 face & neck arches evident under developing forebrainblood system develops on surface of yolk sac, move to maternal
blood system

valves & septa appear in heart

liver cells appear (beginning of digestive system)

26-30 digestive epithelium layer differentiates into locations for
liver, lung, stomach & pancreas
31-35 mandibular & hyoid arches evident in headspinal cord wall in 3 zones (ventricular, mantle &
marginal)

ventricular – neurons, glial, & ependymal cells

mantle – neuron clusters

marginal – processes of neurons

pituitary precusor defined

lens vesicle nestled in optic cup opens to surface

nasal plate evident

digestive tube differentiates into esophagus & trachea

semilunar valves form in heart – 4 major subdivisions

right & left lung sacs lie on either side of esophagus

ureteric bud appears

metanephros – precursor to kidney, develops

upper limbs elongate & innervation begins

35-38 stomodeum (ectodermic precursor to mouth & oral cavity)swelling of external ear begin

lens pit has closed, retinal pigment may appear, lens fibres
form

depressions in nasal disc form into nasal pits

esophagus lengthens

blood flows through left & right streams

lobar buds appear in bronchial tree

intestines lengthen (in umbilicus)

ureteric bud lengthens, tip lengthening towards kidney

lower limb buds lengthen & innervate

37-42 cerebral hemispheres evidenthindbrain develops (responsible for heart, breath &
muscle)

future mandible visible

nasal pits rotate to face ventrally

cardiac tube divides into aortic & pulmonary channels

mammary tissues begin to mature

mesentery defined

hand region differentiates

lower limb sections evident

42-44 jaw & facial muscles developingolfactory bulb forms

teeth buds begin forms

pituitary forms

trachea, larynx & bronchi system forms

heart separates into 4 chambers

diaphragm forms

intestines develop in umbilical cord

primitive germ cells forms at genital area

hand region forming digital plate

digital rays appear in foot plates

44-48 intersections of nerve networks (plexuses) develop in scalp
regioneyes pigmented

eyelids developing

trunk of pulmonary artery separates from trunk of aorta

nipples appear

kidneys produce first urine

urogenital & anal membranes appear

arms at proper location, hand plates finish in another 2 days.

ossification of the skeleton begins

48-51 first detectable brain wavessemicircular canals form in inner ear

septum primum fuses with septum intermedium in the heart

gonads form

legs now at proper location, toes almost completed

bone cartilage solidifies

muscles develop & strengthen

51-53 Brain connected by nerves & muscles – spontaneous
movementnasal openings & tip of nose fully formed

anal membrane perforated

urogenital membranes differentiate

skin folds between future toes

53-54 tongue development finishesintestines migrate from umbilical cord to embryo
54-56 upper lip fully formedbrain can move muscles

clitoris begins to form

primary ossification in long bones (upper limbs first)

56-60 External ear completely developedeyes cosed, retina fully pigmented

taste buds form

primary teeth at cap stage

bones of palate fuse

scalp plexus reaches head vertex

intestines migrate into body cavity

toes no longer webbed all digits fully distinct

thin precursor to skin covers ectoderm of embryo

tail has disappeared

B0003308 6 day old human embryo implanting - coloured

that’s a human embryo folks.


Year 8~XIV Lunation 10

28 September 2008

lunation10


Year 8-XIV Lunation 9

31 August 2008

calendar reform in time for 12~21~2012

8~XIV-lunation9