Mothers of the Nations: Indigenous Mothering as Global Resistance, Reclaiming and Recovery
Edited by D. Memee Lavell-Harvard and Kim Anderson
I: Healthy Beginnings
1. The Meaning of Motherhood Among the Kabyle Berber, Indigenous People of North Africa
In Europe, for example, we refer to the theory of the Greek philosopher Plato (428/427-348/347 B.C.), which describes man and woman as two parts that originally formed a whole Sphere. This concept of two parts that are complementary has many regrettable consequences on all levels. With this theory of complementarity, a man is incomplete without a woman and a woman is incomplete without a man. In this way, a human being is incomplete or “unfinished” and he always searches for the other half (Makilam 137-138). This theory of complementarity is inherent to patriarchy, and is strange to the Kabyle understanding of gender. Kabyle women and men are seen as complete entities in their own rights, though of the same nature. This explains why a Kabyle woman is never compared to a man. She feels as a part of the female community, which is distinguished from the men’s community. The representation of the human society in the Kabyle mind consists of two communities, but not with complementary gender logic.
Indeed, it is typical for the mother-centered Berber society that women and men work in different fields at different tasks. Like in Native and Mesoamerican societies, the genders in Kabylia have their separate economic sphere and authority–and these do not interfere with one another. Each group works separately, but for the same goal: the continuity of the mother’s line.
Women in Berber society do not want to be men or to take over masculine values, as in patriarchal western societies. A Kabyle woman does not want to be complementary to a man and, we will see later–as a mother–she teaches their daughters an artistic secret script, which is the proof of the honor to be born as a woman. Read the rest of this entry »
What great overarching “thingness” is devouring all diversity?
The European colonists’ arrival in the New World marks the escalation of a war that had been fought in Europe and Asia for more than two millennia and continues even now. It is the war between those who think they belong to the world, and those who think that the world belongs to them. It is the war between the pagans, who know they are surrounded and outnumbered by the gods, and all the devotees of the number one – one empire, one history, one market, or one God – and who nowadays insist on the preeminence of everyone for himself: the smallest number one of all.
Embodied cognition – the emergent mind
Intelligence in the Flesh by Guy Claxton
1 – Limbering Up – an Introduction
At the heart of this book is an argument: that we neglect our bodies because we underestimate their intelligence. The problem is not that we have become ‘lazy’, or devoid of ‘willpower’. It is a matter of assumptions and values. Read the rest of this entry »
Abysses beyond imagination… and beyond.
One of my great discoveries on the early Internet was the amount of information about the Milky Way. I hadn’t come across anything that really described its size, behaviour, composition, and our place in all of that. However, back about 2005 or so, I devoured information about it, and as I did so, more and more new discoveries were made.
I recently discovered this love site, Pics About Space, where much of what I had been learning has been visualized. Now that we have 1-2 trillion galaxies in mind, I look forward to new images.