Vernal Equinox – Happy New Years سال نو مبارک

Persians, Kurds, Zoroastrians, Baha’i, India and Western Astrology celebrate with the Sun.

The Persian Calendar, also observed by the Kurds and Zoroastrians in Iran, Afghanistan and spread across the globe is an ancient solar calendar that has its basis in astronomical observation. The Bahá’í also begin their year with the equinox, which likewise sees the Sun enter Aries in the Western astrological tradition. Let’s take a look at those who celebrate when the Sun is directly above the equator.

Formilab’s Calendar Converter is a very useful page as far as converting from one calendar system to another.

Persian Calendar

Persian Calendar celebrates Nowrouz, the new year, which begins the year 1391.

The Persian calendar has 12 months as we’ve seen in other solar calendar systems. The months begin with the actual Vernal Equinox (as opposed to observed, or near-enough acknowledgements). The first six months have 31 days each, the following five months have 30 days each and the last month has 29 days, or 30 in a leap year. The days of the months are determined by the relative velocity of the earth’s orbit around the sun, which is a far cry more telling and accurate than the Gregorian’s irregular month length.

Order

Days

Iranian Persian (Farsi)

Iranian-English

Native Script

1

31

Farvardin

فروردین

2

31

Ordibehesht

اردیبهشت

3

31

Khordad

خرداد

4

31

Tir

تیر

5

31

Mordad

مرداد

6

31

Shahrivar

شهریور

7

30

Mehr

مهر

8

30

Aban

آبان

9

30

Azar

آذر

10

30

Dei

دی

11

30

Bahman

بهمن

12

29/30

Esfand

اسفند

The Persian Calendar also observes the seven-day market week, which begins on Saturday and ends on Friday (as does theAbysmal Calendar).

The custom of sowing seed at the time of the spring equinox is found over a very extensive area and has always been linked with agricultural ceremonies.–Mircea Eliade, the Myth of the Eternal Return

This is a common practice in Iran during Nowrouz. It supports the idea that the seeds of the entire year are planted at the beginning, and develop accordingly. It is not far off from our “New Year’s Resolution“, which are ironically devoid of resolve, where our intentions for the year are laid out during the celebrations on Dec 31st – Jan 1st (which, incidentally, is the worst time to plant anything in the northern hemisphere).

For this Nowrouz in particular, I wish peace upon the people of Iran.

Western Astrology

The signs of the Zodiac in Western Astrology correspond to months in a calendar, insofar as one can say that the Sun is in a particular sign.

With the exception of Taurus and Leo, the days per sign of the Western astrological system are similar to the Persian months. Hardly surprising considering the Persian adherence to the stars. Although the astronomical constellations are not aligned with the astrological signs, as we shall see in April.

Persian Month

Days

Western Astrology

Days

Farvardin 31 Aries 31
Ordibehesht 31 Taurus 30
Khordad 31 Gemini 31
Tir 31 Cancer 31
Mordad 31 Leo 32
Shahrivar 31 Virgo 31
Mehr 30 Libra 30
Aban 30 Scorpio 30
Azar 30 Sagittarius 30
Dei 30 Capricorn 30
Bahman 30 Aquarius 30
Esfand 29/30 Pisces 29/30

Bahá’í Calendar

Bahá’í Calendar‘s New Year celebrates the beginning of the year 169 Bahá’í Era (BE).

The number importance of the number 19 is evident in the 19 months of 19 days each – that works out to 361 days, plus the 4 (or 5) extra which are added to make up the year. The Baha’i also observe greater cycles of 19 years (which coincides with the Metonic cycle of 235 lunations to 19 years. Although the lunations-to-years is roughly 19 years, after a few centuries it shows that it isn’t an exact correlation)

Month

Arabic Name

Arabic Script

English Translation

1

Bahá

بهاء

Splendour

2

Jalál

جلال

Glory

3

Jamál

جمال

Beauty

4

Aẓamat

عظمة

Grandeur

5

Núr

نور

Light

6

Raḥmat

رحمة

Mercy

7

Kalimát

كلمات

Words

8

Kamál

كمال

Perfection

9

Asmá

اسماء

Names

10

Izzat

عزة

Might

11

Mashíyyat

مشية

Will

12

Ilm

علم

Knowledge

13

Qudrat

قدرة

Power

14

Qawl

قول

Speech

15

Masá’il

مسائل

Questions

16

Sharaf

شرف

Honour

17

Sulṭán

سلطان

Sovereignty

18

Mulk

ملك

Dominion

Ayyám-i-Há

ايام الهاء

The Days of Há

19

‘Alá’

علاء

Indian National Calendar

Indian National Calendar begins its new year – year 1936.

This is a civil calendar, which seems to have been derived from the Persian Calendar. It has 12 months of 31 or 30 days, begins on the Vernal Equinox, and relates the months to the signs of the zodiac, as follows:

Month (Sanskrit)

Days

Zodiac Sign

1

Chaitra 30/31 Aries

2

Vaishākha 31 Taurus

3

Jyaishtha 31 Gemini

4

Āshādha 31 Cancer

5

Shrāvana 31 Leo

6

Bhādrapada 31 Virgo

7

Āshvini 30 Libra

8

Kārtika 30 Scorpio

9

Agrahayana 30 Sagittarius

10

Pausha 30 Capricorn

11

Māgha 30 Aquarius

12

Phālguna 30 Pisces

The month names are also those used in regional lunar calendars – which can make the thing all the more confusing.

 

276 Days to Dec 21st 2012

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