Reform Calendar – 2012 – 2013 by daylight

29 September 2006

Calendar Reform: what a year looks like.

A look at the year at 49 degrees North and South, in terms of the amount of relative daylight it receives throughout the year. The day with the least daylight and longest night, the Winter Solstice, is represented by a small circle 100% black. The Summer Solstice, the most daylight and shortest night, is represented by a small circle 100% white. So the intervening days are as dark as the nights are long.

The circle of 365 Days, with the darkness at bottom, the Winter Solstice, the days of the year by daylight give us an idea of the nature of the changes to which we are subjected every year. There are seasonal changes of climate, but these apply to more specific regions than the change in daylight.

Different Calendars have developed down the generations, dividing and organizing the days of the year to accommodate popular taste in hundreds of variations. The three principle elements of time across cultures, are the day, the lunar month, the seasons and the year. Although the change in daylight here doesn’t represent the entirety of the earth, it approximates the case for a good many of us to at least serve as a visual model.

The Lunar Month, sometimes Lunation, sees the Moon going through its phases of brilliance, from the invisible, or dark phase at the New Moon, to the First Quarter, to the  Full Moon, waning back to the Last Quarter and  the New Moon again. Darkness to Light to Darkness.

The Day, a revolution of the Earth about its axis, follows the same pattern from Midnight to Dawn to High Noon through Dusk to Midnight again. Darkness to Light.

theAbysmal Calendar has acquired that name in order to align this notion of creation out of the abyss, the day born of night, the Moon’s face slips from behind its veil and back. The Darkness of Winter Nights in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Brightness of the Summer Days in the Southern, and the relative position of the Sun overhead in the Equatorial, proves an immediate starting point for building a global calendar.

How does it align with the Seasons?

dayblight-by-theabysmaltheAbysmal Calendar’s 13 Months by Daylight

daylight-by-gregorianthe Gregorian Calendar’s 12 Months (in the Northern Hemisphere) by Daylight

daylight-by-astrologythe 12 Signs of Western Astrology by Daylight (in the Northern Hemisphere)

daylight-by-astronomythe 13 Constellations of the Zodiac, according the International Astronomical Union, by Daylight (in the Northern Hemisphere.

here’s theAbysmal Calendar


New Synaptic Month

28 September 2006

Calendar Reform: Remapping the Year

The 1st day of the 11th month = 0.10.-7 (d/m/y) of the Synaptic Calendar (2276 days before inception).

Gregorian – September 28th [Synaptic – Gregorian]

Have a lovely 28 days.


Calendar Reform Summary

27 September 2006

Reform Calendar: the Synaptic Calendar to date

The Autumnal Equinox signifies the passing of the days into darkness, and the three-quarter mark of the Synaptic Year.

a brief summary of work to date:

Structures:

365-day Calendar
13 months of 28 days, subdivided into 4 weeks of 7 days.
plus 1 day, falling on the Winter Solstice (December 21st)
This calendar is perpetual, its New Year always fixed at the Winter Solstice.

Here’s the annual Synaptic 13-month calendar mapped to the Gregorian.

360-day Calendar
72 periods of 5 days
plus 5 days, currently April 15-19. The first day coincides with the Sun passing into the astronomical constellation of Aries, currently April 20.
This means a shift of 1 day every 72 years to account for the shift in 1 degree due to the Precession of the Equinoxes.
The 5-day periods can further be organised as 12 months of 30 days, or 18 months of 20 days, or 72 periods of 5-days.
A Precession of 25, 920 years = 360 x 72 years

260-day Calendar
13 periods of I to XX (roman numerals in lieu of traditional glyphs)
measures the gestation period of a human being
used to synchronize various measures of time, and introduces a harmonizing numerology.
divided into:
13-day periods, 4 of which form a 52-day period, or 5 of which form a 65 day period.
XX-day periods, subdivided into shorter patterns of 4- and 5-days
a Precession of 26, 000 years = 260 Centuries

Lunar Calendar
12 or 13 months of 29 or 30 days
Metonic cycle of 235 lunations to 19 years begins on Winter Solstice.
binary I-Ching 64-day cycle synchronises lunations, sunspots and the Precession
A Precession of 25, 838 years = 64 x 6 x 64 x 6 x 64 days

Chronological Counter
counts -1 0 +1 from the zero date

Leap Year
for the moment, the periodicity of the Leap Year remains the same as that of the Gregorian Calendar, acknowledge the day before the Winter Solstice.

Longer Periods of Time
the measure of the years shall be measured by factors of 20x
such that
20x 400x 8, 000x years would be the most common notation after day and month, however, continuing on to larger time periods of
160, 000x
3, 200, 000x
64, 000, 000x and so on

Clarification regarding Tropical Year and Calendar Year

The Tropical Year = 365.24218967 days
Gregorian = 365.2425 days

the Tropical Year is the measure of the ratio of rotations of the Earth to its orbit around the Sun as measured at the Vernal Equinox.
The Calendar Year is the measure of days according to one’s calendar system.
Thus, the above Synaptic Calendar components reflect 365- 360- and 260- calendar day years.
The lunation cycle is all wobbly, so who knows.

Calendar Interaction
This relationship depends on the Leap Year day falling outside of the 3 principle calendars (ie 365- 360- 260- days). Thus, the Leap year day falls between the last month and the first month of the 365-day calendar, with the 5 null days of the 36-day calendar and between any two given days on the 260-day calendar (observed with the 365-day calendar on the Winter Solstice as per Gregorian frequency).

this is a particular feature of the 260-day calendar: a quick overview
1-13 numbers and I-XX symbols
begins with 1-I and ends with 13-XX for 260 distinct days
Looking at the roman numerals arranged in a 5×4 square, note the shared features of the horizontal numbers.

I VI XI XVI
II VII XII XVII
III VIII XIII XVIII
IV IX XIV XVIX
V X XV XX

On any given day, say December 20, 2012, the day has a number and numeral, specifically 10-IX. The following year will be 11-XIV, the following 12-XVIX then 13-IV then 1-IX, 2-XIV etc…

this creates a 13×4 pattern between the 260-day calendar date and any annual solar calendar – provided the leap year day is acknowledged as a null day off of the calendar.

GREGORIAN DATES
Noteworthy dates for the sake of conversion to the Synaptic Calendar

August 23, 2006
New Moon
First Day of Sunspot Cycle 24
First Day of 64-day counter
2313 days before Inception of Synaptic Calendar
2-XX on the 260-day calendar
day 3/5 of 26/72 (360-day)
day 1/30 (lunation)
day1/64 (binary)
(Julian Date 2453970)

December 21, 2012- the Abysmal Inception Day 0
First Day of the Synaptic Calendar (365-Day) Day
11-X on the 260-day calendar
day 3/5 of period 50/72 (360-day calendar)
day 9/29 (lunation)
day 9/64 (binary counter)
(Julian Date 2456282)

January 11, 2013
First New Moon since inception
Day 21 of the Synaptic Calendar
6-XI on the 260-day calendar
day 4/5 of 54/72 (360-day)
day 1/30 (lunation)
day 30/64 (binary)

April 20, 2013
First Day of the 360-day calendar since Inception
Day 120 of the Synaptic Calendar
1-X on the 260-day calendar
day 1/5 of 1/72 (360-day calendar)
day 11/30 (lunation)
day 1/64 (binary counter)

July 20, 2013
First Day of 260-Calendar since Inception
Day 211 of the Synaptic Calendar
1-I on the 260-day calendar
day 4/5 of 19/72 (360-day)
day 13/29 (lunation)
day 28/64 (binary)

December 22, 2014
Day 731 of the Synaptic Calendar
New Moon – beginning of New Metonic Cycle
First Day of the 260-day calendar
day 4/5 of 50/72 (360-day calendar)
day 1/29 of 1/235 (lunation)
day 36/64 (binary)

December 22, 2033
Day 7671 of the Synaptic Calendar
New Moon – beginning of new Metonic Cycle
7-XVI (260-day)
day 4/5 of 50/72 (360-day)
day 1/30 of 1/235 (lunation)
day 63/64 (binary)


Measuring the year with the Constellations.

25 September 2006

Calendar Reform: fixed and drifting calendars.

So the theory goes that with a fixed 365-day calendar (13 month) and a floating 360 (+5 days) calendar that the Precession of the Equinoxes can be measured. If the first day of the 360 Calendar coincides with the day defining the beginning of the period where the Sun passes through the backdrop of the astronomical constellation of Aries,   then after a full Precession, it will return to its point of origin.

Below, two images depicting measures of the year.
The first is the 13-Month Synaptic Calendar, beginning on the Winter Solstice.
The second is a 12-Month model (12 months of 30 days + 5 days) beginning with April 19th.

Compare the Synaptic Calendar with the Gregorian, new year January 1st.

Compare the 360 + 5 calendar to the days attributed to each astronomical constellation

Provided that the 360 + 5 day calendar begins at the same time as Aries, then it can change by 1 degree, equivalent to 1 day (on the 360 count) per 72 years.
(see Mesopotamian Numerology).
With the intention to create a means of synchronising the annual measure of the calendar with the constellations observable in the sky, in such a way as to indicate the relative progression of the Precession.

The 365-day calendar (13 moon model in this case) is fixed, such that the New remains on the Winter Solstice.
The 360-day calendar drifts with the constellations, by 1 day or 1 degree every 72 years.
The 260-day calendar synchronizes the two with the gestation period
The Lunar Calendar is paired with the Solar calendar for numerical dates.

Mayan calendrical numerology

Every 25, 838 – 25, 920 or 26, 000 years, the 365-day and the 360-day, thus the constellations, will be realigned – approximately 17, 640 years from now.


four functions of myth

25 September 2006

Calendar Reform: myth and symbolic reconstructure.

from Creative Mythology by Joseph Campbell

first function:
to reconcile waking conscousness to the mysterium tremedum et fascinans of this universe as it is.

second function:
render an interpretive total image of the same as known to contemporary consciousness revelation to waking consciousness of the power of its own sustaining source.

third function:
enforcement of moral order

fourth function:
foster the centering and unfolding of the individual integrity, in accord with
d) himself (microcosm)
c) his culture (mesocosm)
b) the universe (macrocosm)
a) awesome, ultimate mystery which is beyond and within himself and all things

Shakespeare’s definition of the function of his art
“to hold, as ’twere, the mirror up to nature.”

referring to ancient traditions of symbolic cannibalism (christ = fish eaten friday)
“context of considerable antiquity, referring to a plunge into abyssal waters, to emerge as though reborn.”


Darkness and Light as Mythological Motif

25 September 2006

Calendar Reform: rebirthing the symbolism of the calendar

From Oriental Mythology by Joseph Cambpell

now the Light and Darkness motif, the reader recalls, appeared in Iran c. 500 BC, in the cosmic war of the Lord of Truth and the Master of the Lie.* In the Hebrew Dead Sea Scrolls of c. 175 BC – 66 AD, it reappears in the war of the Sons of Light with the Sons of Darkness. And in the various Gnostic literatures of the first centuries AD other developments of the motif are to be found. in all of these Levantine applications the argument is at once ethical and ontological. The principle of truth and light represents both virtue and true being. it has both a social reference and an absolute validity, and in the end will triumph on a cosmic scale. no essential distinction is made in these systems between social and metaphysical orders of judgment.

And in the buddhist mythology of Amida, likewise, the principle of light and true knowledge is at once ethical and substantial in its reference. The ultimate victory of the light is not represented, here, in cosmic terms; for in the Buddhist cosmos of unending cycles there is no place for a time beyond time when the cycling will have ceased: the Buddhist cessation is psychological, in the way of a disengagement from the unimprovable round. Nevertheless, the principle of light is of an order truer and more substantial than that of darkness of the round. the latter is mere function of ignorance and desire – and of action under their binding, blinding spell. Consequently, just as in the Western systems the social and metaphysical orders are equated, so in that of Amida, the psychological and metaphysical.

*see zoroastrian cosmology


Jicarila Apache (of New Mexico) legend

25 September 2006

Calendar Reform: the role of mythology.

From Primitive Mythology by Joseph Cambpell

In the beginning nothing was here where the world now sands: no earth – nothing but Darkness, Water, and Cyclone. There were no people living. Only the Hactcin* existed. It was a lonely place. There were no fishes, no living things. But all the Hactcin were here from the beginning. They had the material out of which everything was created. They made the world first, the earth, the underworld, and then they made the sky. They made Earth in the form of a living woman and called her Mother. they made Sky in the form of a man and called him Father. He faces downward, and the woman faces up. he is our father and the woman is our mother.

*Hactcin are the Apache masked gods: personifications of the powers that support the spectacle of nature.